The Importance Of Winterizing Your Hot Tub

The winter months are fast approaching, with them bringing the cold, snow, and harsh weather to many.  Having a hot tub during these months is a perk for many spa owners. Why?  During the cold weather many of us suffer from achy and stiff joints brought on by the drop in temperature.  Not to mention winter sports such as skiing, snowboarding, ice skating and sledding can leave our muscles feeling sore and over used.  What better way to treat these ailments then with a nice warm dip in your hot tub.  Afterall, the weather may be close to freezing outside, but if your spa is taken care of correctly, meaning properly winterized, maintained and chemically balanced the warm swirling jets will make it easy to forget how cold it really is outside the tub! At least until you step out of it! However, although spa owners know that their hot tub needs to be maintained efficiently and effectively to promote a safe, clean, healthy environment for its users, another aspect to look at is maintaining energy efficiency, and making sure the water stays at the right temperature not only for the luxury of using it but to prevent potential forms of bacteria from growing or an overuse of chemicals that can be dangerous.  

 We spoke with Hot Tub Patrol, a Colorado based hot tub maintenance, repair, and removal company, that knows all too well the effects of the winter months on hot tubs.  We gathered great expert advice as well as some helpful tips to making sure that your spa is properly winterized and in sufficient working order. Rick, the owner and founder of Hot Tub Patrol told me a common mistake a lot of spa owners believe is that you have to drain and cover your hot tub during the winter months.  However, with more modern, energy efficient hot tubs on the market these days, that idea is a concept of the past!  Instead, beginning in the fall it is best to start preparing for the winter months and getting everything “dialed” in!

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DIY Tips On WaterProofing Your Deck

Owning a home with a nice deck can be one of the great perks of being a homeowner.  There is time to be spent enjoying the sunshine and being outdoors lounging or entertaining on your deck when weather permits.  However, one of the downfalls of having a beautiful wood deck is the care and maintenance it requires to stay looking good and making the wood last for years to come.  How exactly do you protect and maintain your deck? It all comes down to weatherproofing it from the elements, with the main focus moisture and water. In fact, water combined with UV rays from the sun, cold, snow & rain can lead to the stripping of your decks seal.  This will leave it dull looking with the natural resins and color found in the wood washed away.  To weatherproof your deck a seal needs to be applied and maintained after time when it naturally starts to wear off from outside elements. The good thing is, with a little elbow grease, hard work and a few materials bought at Home Depot, Lowes or a store similar you can seal and weatherproof your own deck.

DIY Steps To WaterProofing Your Deck



  • Check Your Decks Seal- Before putting in the hard work and labor we suggest checking that your decks seal needs to be replaced.  This can be done by dropping water droplets onto the wood of your deck in different areas.  Should the water bead up the seal is still in tact.  Should the water disappear this means the wood of your deck is absorbing it and the seal is gone and is in need of being replaced.
  • Prep Time- You will want to remove all furniture, potted plants, pretty much any and everything that can be moved.  Next you will want to cover the shrubbery or ground plants close to your deck with a tarp.  Avoid plastic sheets for plants because it will attract the chemicals from the sealant you will be using and can create a trap for the toxins of the sealant killing your plants.
  • The Cleaning Phase Begins- Now it’s time to spray your decks surface & between the boards,with a garden hose.  This is to help remove any debris, dirt, foliage etc.  Keep in mind that you want to get your deck as clean and dust free as possible. Next you will take a pole or orbital sander with a medium grain sandpaper and go over any spots that need smoothing or left over old seal removed. The better your prep your deck the better the sealant with hold and protect your decks surface. This can be quite a chore so the most amount of time in between your next sealing endeavor is choice.
  • Time For The Sealant- It’s time to seal the deal!  We suggest that you use a waterproof, high quality sealant with some kind of UV protection in it. Then starting with sections and as evenly as possible apply a thin coat of sealant at a time. Remember less is more i this case.  You can always add another coat if need be but it’s more of a chore to take off excess. Another tip is to use a sealant that offers resistance against mildew and mold.
  • The Waiting Game- You are almost finished! Now we play the waiting game allowing the sealant to dry for AT LEAST 48 hours.  It is important that it is completely dry before replacing any furniture etc. back on the deck surface.  This means no one can walk on it either until deck is dry.

Although sealing and waterproofing our own deck can be a DIY task it can take a fair amount of time.  It’s best to start and complete the job in one time frame so be mindful of that when starting this project.

Combat Slippery Winter Surfaces

Winter has arrived, and with it comes the cold weather, shorter days and longer nights.  What also comes with it is the chore of shoveling your sidewalks, driveway, and making sure there is some kind of traction on those icy, slippery and often dangerous surfaces.  So how do you stay ahead of the game in maintaining the surfaces that surround your property, as safely and effectively as possible?  We “dug” around (no pun intended) and came up with some great tips for your surfaces.  You actually might be a little shocked at what we found out about the number 1 item used to combat icy slippery surfaces, SALT! Let’s not get ahead of ourselves so we will start from the beginning!

Melt Ice & Create Slip Proof Surfaces


  • Prepare, Prepare, Prepare- This means stay updated on the current and upcoming weather condition forecasts.   Knowing what is in store can help you to prepare and stay ahead of the ice & snow game.
  • Create Traction On Slippery Surfaces- The idea is to cover or dust surfaces with a substance that will provide traction. You can use materials such as gravel, birdseed, cat litter, wood chips, sand (which if near drainage systems can cause clogging issues.)
  • Salt- There we have it folks, SALT!  The number one material used to combat slippery surfaces caused by snow, ice, and moisture.


So what exactly is the lowdown on salt and why is it so bad?  First of all salt is definitely a natural resource that can be used to melt snow and help create traction on slippery surfaces.  The downfall to salt is found in the different kinds available and the common effects that all kinds can have.  Salt is corrosive by nature.  Meaning if it gets on the paint of your car,  tracked into your home and onto your carpet, or on fabrics like that of clothing and furniture it can cause a good amount of damage with it’s corroding effects.  It can also burn your pets paws should it stick to them or get caught in between. But the negative effects of salt don’t stop there.  In fact, excessive salt can cause a build up in soil which then leaves a film on plants that will prevent nutrients and moisture from being absorbed into the plant.  No moisture or nutrients will eventually lead to the plant dying.  It gets worse though, salt can leach heavy metals which after penetrating into grass, soil, and the ground can contaminate water and negatively affect people, and animals health.  Is there anything you can do or perhaps a certain kind of salt that is better to use than another?  The answer is yes.  While all salt is recommended to steer clear from when trying to maintain winter sidewalks and driveways, it is found that salt made up of  NaCl (Sodium Chloride) can contain cyanide! Salt containing Potassium Chloride is also recommended to steer clear from because it’s runoff can cause algae growth.  Then we have salt made up of CaCl (Calcium Chloride) this is probably the best option to use if your choose to salt your sidewalks or driveways.  Although most of us have probably been using salt as our default traction enhancer and were not aware of the dangers of using salt, we strongly recommend one of the above listed alternatives such a birdseed or wood chips.  Birdseed can be eaten by birds and wood chips are still natural enough not to hurt the environment.

The winter months may feel like they will last forever, but if you hang in there for a few more months we can put the salt and other substances away and enjoy the sidewalks of warm Spring right around the corner.

Protect Your Property From The Elements

Weather can cause a lot of damage to personal property as we have discussed, and being prepared for certain weather conditions can really pay off. By knowing how to prepare for specific weather conditions you can prevent a lot of headache and save yourself a lot money. Since we have discussed preparing for specific conditions like extreme heat, and extreme cold previously, I wanted to focus on different ways to stretch your dollar.

A friend who owns Metroplex Windows & Glass Plano, a window replacement company in Plano, often replaces peoples windows to help them keep their house insulated, in order to reduce their heating and cooling bills. In addition to these services he also offers people information to help them reduce their energy bill and was recently giving me a run down of what they recommend to clients to reduce their heating and cooling bills, so I figured I would share it with everyone here.

So I’ll give you his top 5 recommendations they offer as a company, some of which I have personally employed. These simple tricks are affordable, and pretty easy to do yourself, and longterm will save you a considerable amount of money on your monthly heating and cooling bills. This list is not in any sort of order of importance, in fact they are all equally important and should all be employed if possible for best results.

  1. Replace worn weather stripping – This is something I have personally done because I noticed a ton of cold air coming into my home a few years ago. It’s a pretty simple fix and really affordable. They sell weather stripping at most local hardware stores and it is really quick to replace. You’ll notice instantly that your door shuts smoother and that there is no longer any subtle drafts coming in around your door. Light coming through on the sides of the door when shut is another great indicator that your door is not sealed properly when shut.
  2. Insulate Your Attic Door – I have not tried this, but it makes a lot of sense. Most attics are insulated well but do not have any insulation on the actual attic entry. Simply adhere the insulation the top of the attic door to create a barrier. If the door is warped or does not fit seamlessly then it is also recommended that you put a latch on the door to make sure it’s closed tightly. Warm air rises so no sense in it going into the attic.
  3. Upgrade your thermostat – Modern programable thermostats can save homeowners over 10% on their monthly energy bill. turning your heating or cooling down at specific (programable) times of the day when you are asleep or not at home is an easy way to save money. Programable thermostats can be picked up at your local hardware store and are very affordable considering the money they will save you longterm.
  4. Lock Your Windows – Locking Your windows will compress the seal on your windows and close off any potential leaks that may exist around the seal of your windows. This is especially recommended during really cold conditions and really hot conditions. It doesn’t hurt that it prevents people from easily opening your windows from the outside as well.
  5. Use Your Drapes – Your drapes are more effective at insulating than you might think. They are great at reducing heat from the sun so use them to your advantage during times of high heat and keep them closed. Remember to also open them up when it’s cold to let the heat and sun rays in.

Those were his 5 main suggestions, and alone those suggestions combined could save you a lot of money on your heating and cooling bills. With fall just around the corner, take a day to swing by your local hardware store and get working on numbers 1-3. You will be happy you have implemented these easy tricks before you turn on the heater this winter.

Remember to check back for more information on dealing with the weather, monitoring the weather, and more. You will like the the weather a lot more, once you prepare for it!

Global Warming…Is it real?

Global warming has been a hot debate over the past decade and has gained increase interest during this years past election due to differing view points on the subject. Additionally, Hollywood seems to come out with a world ending environmental destruction movie every six months that re-sparks the controversy and debate.

People are obviously very sensitive to this topic because it’s affects can be life threatening, or at least that’s what the movies are saying. Nonetheless the degradation of the environment is something many are opposed to and for very understandable reasons. Many people want future generations to have the same oppertunities as they did, and don’t want to leave them with a deteriorating  environment.

So what can we do? Well the consensus is that greenhouse gasses such as carbon dioxide are hanging out in the ozone and trapping heat, causing an increase in the earth’s temperatures. So there is a big push by the mainstream to reduce carbon emissions by having people carpool, ride bikes and perhaps even tax people and countries for their carbon emissions.

Industries are being pressured to improve their efficiency and reduce their emissions by retrofitting old factories and power plants, as well as pressured to build new low emission factories.

For developing countries that have not reached the technical sophistication of the United States and other developed countries, and are still playing catch up in a lot of ways are more reluctant to spend money on improving their infrastructure. Since they do not feel they have had the same opportunity to create wealth from some of these same technologies (coal power plants) which the United States has exploited for centuries.

Participation between all countries will be key if we are going to create a world that is less reliant on carbon emissions.

While some argue that it is all human activity contributing to global warming, others disagree.

Some people believe that global warming is a natural ebb and flow that the earth has gone through over millennia and part of the many ice ages the earth has seen over it’s lifetime. They contend that nature itself is actually the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide through volcanic eruptions, and that nothing we did could contend with the magnitude of nature.

While volcanic eruptions do produce an enormous amount of carbon dioxide, many believe that blaming global warming on earth is a cop out.  In fact many have charted that human CO2 production far surpasses natures output with volcanoes.

Despite anyone’s beliefs about global warming, their are enough other reasons to believe that humans are negatively effecting the planet. Water quality, air quality, and food quality have all been threatened by human activity globally and their are many metrics by which to measure this. Whether people believe global weather is a relevant way to measure human effects on the planet is irrelevant, there are enough other tools by which to measure human effects on the planet that clearly outline the negative impact humans are having on the planet.




Protection From The Weather

The weather can be very cool, but obviously dangerous and damaging. Whether we are talking about tornadoes, hurricanes, blizzards, or even extreme heat or cold, weather can cause sever damage to individuals and people’s property. There is little you an do again sever storms like those mentioned above, aside from ensuring you have good insurance coverage, but there is certainly precautions you can take with more casual weather like the heat and cold.

Prepare for the Heat: 

With your home you can protect sun damage and exuberant air conditioning bills by planting large trees in your backyard. The shade casts from large trees can drop temperatures in the shade by up to 15 degrees. If you can cast enough shade on your home during summer months you can drop your monthly cooling bill by 10%-25%. Tree’s obviously take time to grow so in the meantime make sure you invest in shade screens for your windows. Shade screens or tinted windows will dramatically stop heat from the sun, glare, and also give you some added privacy if you leave in a heavily populated area.

It is strongly advised that you keep your vehicle covered during the day if you live somewhere with extreme heat. This can be a covered parking space, garage, or a fitted vehicle cover. By blocking your vehicle from direct sunlight you will dramtically improve the longevity of your vehicles paint job and avoid or reduce peeling paint on the hood, bumper, and top of your vehicle. Vehicle vinyl wraps are a great option as well when it comes to protecting your vehicle. A vehicle vinyl wrap is essentially a sticker or film that covers your entire vehicle. The film works as a protective layer in between your automobile and the outside world and does a remarkable job at protecting it from the sun, salt, and even knicks and chips from road debris. Vinyl wraps serve many purposes, such as displaying graphics or business branding, changing the color of your vehicle, and simply protecting your original paint job. Many companies will offer a variety options when it comes to getting a vinyl wrap on your automobile such as coverage options, color and design options, and different vinyl manufacturing options. If you care about your vehicles paint job than a vehicle wrap is great way to protect it and improve the longevity of the paint job. There are many companies throughout the country that install vinyl wraps, just make sure you shop around beforehand to ensure they have good reviews and fair prices. We got a few vehicle wraps in Denver, and from what I’ve heard there are a ton of great companies across the U.S., so it shouldn’t be too tough to find a solid company.

Prepare for the Cold: 

For those new to the cold, winterizing is a must. winterize your pipes is essentially the processes of blowing out all the water in your pipes before it has a chance to freeze. Ice in pipes contracting and expanding during the cold months of the year will commonly cause the pipes to burst and create a headache that nobody wants to deal with.

Chain up your tires. Many people don’t want to take the time to chain up there tires and think that maybe they don’t need to, but thousands of car crashes take place every year in the U.S. because of ice. Ice in certain temperatures can be so slippery that even the best tires will have little to no traction. Don’t put yourself or others in danger and please use chains.

Salt your driveway before a storm. Most people who have lived in the cold for some time know that salt is their best friend during the winter. By laying down salt before a storm you can save yourself hours by not having to scrape the ice that accumulates after a blizzard or big storm.

Hot and cold temperatures can present a lot of challenges, but there are simple ways to prevent some of their damaging effects. By being prepared you will save yourself an lot of frustration in the future.

Study the weather | Know the weather | Respect the weather

Cool Weather

Like we’ve said before, weather is often taken for granted and not really appreciated. In fact it is often talked down upon more than it’s acknowledged for its greatness. “It’s going to be so hot,” “It’s going to be so cold,” “It’s so rainy,” and so on. Rarely do you get people who are entirely excited about the weather. People often bring up the burden of the weather, and not there love for it. However the weather is awesome, and it’s contrasting patterns are what bring excitement and visual change to our lives. Large billowing clouds, and thunder storms after a week of clear blue skies is refreshing, and a hot sunny day after a week of rain is up lifting.

clear skies

There is so much to like about weather

Weather is really quite remarkable if you take the time to study it. Precipitation, Pressure and how everything comes together to create weather conditions is fascinating…at least to me. But seriously, think about all the different events that occur based on how precipitation and pressure work together. Rain, Snow, Hail, Tornadoes, Hurricanes, and more are all based on differing combinations of water, temperature and pressure present in the atmosphere at any given time. We live in this sphere of constant activity that’s producing a variety of weather conditions all of which are very unique from one another. Snow by itself is magical. Millions of little ice particles falling from the sky, often in beautiful intricate shapes each one unique from the other. I mean come on, weather is awesome, and if normal weather conditions are not enough to impress you than check out some rare occurrences that might intrigue you.

Watermelon Snow – Found in the cold climate of the Sierra Nevada, watermelon Snow is a blood like snow thats caused by algae that lives in these cold conditions.

watermelon snow

Giant Hail – If hail wasn’t cool enough, how about an 8 inch hail ball (more like cannonball). Recorded as the largest hail particle to fall from the sky, this puppy and it’s hail buddies would be something like bricks falling from the sky. Easily putting holes through lightweight roofs, and doing insurmountable damage to vehicles.


231 MPH Wind – I don’t think many people are huge fans of the wind. It blows your hair all over the place, it draws up dirt and sand, and often sends particles into your eyes. But 231 MPH wind is a different story, and that high speed of wind becomes fascinating and even something you can play in. I wouldn’t recommend flying your kite in it however.

134 Degrees – Not sure how much I can even appreciate this, but it is certainly worth mentioning. The highest temperature recorded in the U.S. occurred on July 10, 1913 in Death Valley at a whopping 134 degrees fahrenheit.  Probably not the highest up on people’s list of places to visit.

These are just a few unique weather conditions that are truly fascinating. Keep posted for more uniques weather conditions here, and chime in to let us know some of your personal favorite weather conditions.


Knowing The Weather Pays Off

Beyond knowing if your day is going to be sunny or not, knowing the weather can be extremely effective at saving you money. Every year thousands of vehicles are damaged by weather related disasters. One weather incident in particular is the culprit for most of this weather related damage – hail. Hail leaves thousands of vehicle owners frantic and upset during the months of April and October when conditions are just right to drop ice formations from the sky. In some cases these hail storms leave little to no damage, but in other cases these storms can hurtle golf ball sized ice formations down from the sky. In these instances vehicle owners are left with sometimes hundred of large dents on their vehicle and even broken windshields and side mirrors. Hail storms of this magnitude are not common across the country but in certain metropolitan areas like Denver and Dallas these storms can be pretty common during summer and fall.

Although watching the weather is not normally a serious business, people in these areas ought to pay close attention to potential hail storms in order to preserve their vehicle and avoid the hassle of removing all the dents or even replacing their vehicle. Although there are great paintless dent repair companies in Denver, Dallas and other cities. Many of these companies leave people more frustrated than they originally were from the damage. Hail repair is a highly lucrative business to be in, and their are a lot of not so noble business owners looking for a quick buck when disaster strikes. These companies will travel from town to town essentially chasing the storms and often leave town as soon as they came. If your vehicle is not brought back to it’s original condition these companies are usually in another town before you have the time to bring it to their attention. Since insurance covers the damage they don’t have to worry about pleasing you, they just ensure all the requirements are met for them to get paid by your insurance company. So we urge everyone to avoid damage in the first place by keeping an eye on the weather. By knowing when hail storms are likely to hit you can plan accordingly and make sure your vehicle is not in an uncovered lot during the storm.

By tuning into your local weather  you are also supporting your local weather channel and the supporting partners. Although knowing the weather is something we all take for granted these days, it is still something requires resources and time by hard working meteorologist and technology. Every viewer counts and helps fund better and more accurate weather forecasting your area.

The Importance of Weather Forecasting

Weather can be simply defined as the atmosphere of our planet, Earth, in a very short period as compared to the climate. The elements of weather are temperature, pressure, wind, humidity, and precipitation and hence, different weather instruments are needed to measure each of them, so that the weather can be measured on the whole. Knowing the present weather is worth, so that you can be aware of the weather and whether if it is alright to step out of the shelter or not, either because of heavy rain or a very high temperature. But on the other hand, there is more importance of weather forecasting.

Now the question that arises is what is really weather forecasting? The word ‘forecasting’ means to predict something about the future. Hence, the whole term ‘weather forecast’ means to estimate the weather of the coming hours and days. But then, why would you need to forecast the weather?

Imagine the absence of weather forecasting and you plan for a long walk under the clear sky, in the park nearby your place. But once you reach there, it starts raining, and oops! Neither do you have an umbrella or are wearing a raincoat. Here, you realize the importance of weather forecasting. Though, this is one of the minor benefits of predicting future weather. But now can you imagine the loss an event manager would go through if they conduct exhibition of various brands under open sky and the clouds get excited about it too?

Weather forecasting has been important since many ages, especially if it is referred to the professions like farmers and sailors. However, knowing the weather of coming hours and tomorrow has become important to all, regardless of any professions, due to extreme weather in this era.

At first, the weather was forecasted so that the farmers would know when it is best to sow seeds and when should they avoid to plant to save themselves from a huge loss, due to extreme high temperature or more than necessary rain, which would result in flood.

Likewise, the sailors also need to know the wind speed and its direction before they go are ready to sail. For sailors, it is not only about the packages and loads they have to trade, but it is about their lives too, since a bad weather can make the ship sink. Also, fogginess can create difficulty in viewing which would lead to a high chance of a crash.

Apart from these professions, weather forecasting is really important as it can warn about tornadoes and hurricanes by measuring wind speed. Also, people living around a volcano can be warned about an eruption so they can evacuate the place.

However, these days, when the weather condition is changing at an extreme case, hence, people keep on tracking the weather. The fact that weather can be easily checked on smart phones, with a default widget, people are more likely availing the convenience. People living in the areas under heat waves, now and then visit weather forecasting websites to know when it is safe to step outside in the sun or when the rain would come and sweep away all the burnings.

Despite all these facts, one should acknowledge the fact that the forecasting is not always correct, especially when it is conducted on a long term; which means more than a week. Hence, a hundred percent reliance cannot be done on these estimation.

But on the whole, advancement in the technology has increased its accuracy and we all by far have experienced benefits from Weather Forecasting.

Why Winter is dull and Summer a Joy?

William Shakespeare wrote many plays which had the genre of comedy, but wrote few tragicomedies, in which one’s name is ‘The Winter’s Tale’. The question arises here is why is it called The ‘Winter’s’ tale and not the Summer’s or Spring’s? As mentioned before, the play has the genre of tragedy.

Still confused? Well, many writers, poets and play wrights symbolize sadness, gloominess and distress with winter. Lets take Thomas Hardy as an example; in his poem; The Darkling Thrush, also has the main theme of winter, which again is the reflection of dreariness.

The question is why the writers would connect sadness with winter. We all tend to think that mood; which means the state of our mind is mainly related to the events of our life. If studied more scientifically, moods differ due to neurochemistry to the varying levels of neurotransmitters as well. Both of these logics reflect a mutual phenomenon that moods are always dependent on the individual only. For example, it is always about the personal events of one’s life that affect their mood and it is always about their own bodily reactions that scientifically affect their mood. But did you know that universal factors also affect your mood?

Yes, according to many researchers, time of the day and Weather; both universal elements have an impact on our moods.

Lets discuss the effects of the weather on our moods.

Winters for instance, are dull for many of us, as we tend to get very lethargic and feel as if we are dragged and forced to daily work routine. Also, we are inclined not to only seek for physical warmth through hot drinks and food but also emotional warmth. This is mainly not due to the ‘coldness’ of the weather, but mainly because of less Sun light.

Due to the Sun’s exposure, a hormone responsible for sleep; called melatonin, stops to work, which make our summer mornings fresh, alert and joyful. However, due to less brightness of the Sun in winter in the winters, the melatonin continues its job even after you wake up and hence, you still find it very sleepy and dull in the dark winter mornings.

As a matter of fact, there is a psychological disorder, known as Seasonal Affective Disorder, which is ironically abbreviated as SAD. As mentioned in the Diagnostics and Statistical Manual IV (DSM); a comprehensive classification of officially recognized psychiatric disorders, SAD is ‘specifier of major depression’. People suffering from SAD, tend to be depressed in the winter season.

As opposed to winters, the summer tends to be more joyful, however extreme high temperatures again lead to negative moods, like frustration and anger, etc. In fact, according to researches, the suicide rate is higher in summers and springs.

Again, rain also makes many people depressive and causes them to eat more than usual. However, the reason is not the biological change, but the fact that rain makes you less active as you stay in and socialize less.

All over, many researches tend to find out that the weather does affect one’s mood; in fact, there is biological proof as well, such as the varying levels of neurotransmitters and hormonal changes. But then again, there are people who love winters and find the season very cozy, and there are those too who are in completely in love with the rainy season. Hence, we can state that weather’s affect moods of individuals’ differently, varying according to their personalities.

Hence, the state of our minds, encaged in our skull can be affected by universal factors.

Weather Elements and their Instruments for Prediction

Prediction of the future has always fascinated and excited people through horoscope, palmistry, Extra Sensory Perception (ESP), Tarot Reading and scrying etc, though a huge fraction of the population does not believe in it, are scared enough to know what is hidden in the future or find it as a joke and then, there are extremists who are completely against it and label it as obnoxious.

But as a matter of fact, even if we accept it or not, we are actually getting predictions of future daily and we also tend to believe it and rely on it too.  Taken aback? Well, don’t we all regularly check the default weather widget to know the weather of today, tomorrow and the coming days and weeks? Weather Forecasting is nothing different than predictions of future. The word ‘forecast’ itself means predicting the upcoming event.

Though there are few differences, like firstly, weather forecasting is limited to estimating future weather only rather than life events. Secondly, the weather is predicted through weather instruments rather than through horoscopes or other ways.

Weather is comprised of temperature, pressure, wind, humidity, and precipitation, and these elements are measured differently through different measuring instruments.


Temperature is all about how hot or cold the weather is, and to measure temperature, the instrument used is a thermometer. A thermometer is a tube that consists of mercury or alcohol, which expands when the temperature is hot. We measure the temperature by comparing the expansion with the attached scale in the thermometer.

For the proper measure of the atmosphere’s temperature, a mercury thermometer is not enough. The advancement of technology has led to the invention of electronic thermometer which has led to the enhancement of the accuracy.


The second element, which is the air pressure, can be predicted by a barometer. Pressure is basically the force exerted on a surface. If the barometer is indicating high pressure then there would be a dry and sunny day, while a low pressure means cloudy, wet or snowy day.


Most of the time we say the weather is very humid if we feel too hot and sweaty, this is because there is moisture in the air. Moisture in the atmosphere means a high rate of water molecules in the air. Rate of humidity can be measured by the hygrometer. Hygrometer was basically invented two hundred years back and one if its type is Psychrometer, which measures humidity with the help of two thermometers.



When it comes to wind, two things are noted about it, its speed and its direction. An anemometer measures the speed of the wind so does it notes the wind’s direction. There are three to four cups attached on an anemometer that determine the speed of the wind, while the wind vane on the instrument finds out the direction of it.


Precipitation in simple words means rain fall and snow. Precipitation is measured by a rain gauge, which is basically a simple can and the water collected from the rain is measured by the depth of it with the help of a scale. However, a rain gauge lacks accuracy because the water can be collected more easily rather than snow. Also, if the temperature is high, the water may get evaporated from it even before it is measured, leading to wrong measures.

These five elements of the weather are measured with the help of different instruments and then do you find the present and the future forecasts of the weather on television news, websites and weather apps and widgets.